How-To: Limit the secrets that can be read from secret stores

To limit the secrets to which the Dapr application has access, users can define secret scopes by augmenting existing configuration CRD with restrictive permissions.

In addition to scoping which applications can access a given component, for example a secret store component (see Scoping components), a named secret store component itself can be scoped to one or more secrets for an application. By defining allowedSecrets and/or deniedSecrets list, applications can be restricted to access only specific secrets.

Follow these instructions to define a configuration CRD.

Configure secrets access

The secrets section under the Configuration spec contains the following properties:

secrets:
  scopes:
    - storeName: kubernetes
      defaultAccess: allow
      allowedSecrets: ["redis-password"]
    - storeName: localstore
      defaultAccess: allow
      deniedSecrets: ["redis-password"]

The following table lists the properties for secret scopes:

Property Type Description
storeName string Name of the secret store component. storeName must be unique within the list
defaultAccess string Access modifier. Accepted values “allow” (default) or “deny”
allowedSecrets list List of secret keys that can be accessed
deniedSecrets list List of secret keys that cannot be accessed

When an allowedSecrets list is present with at least one element, only those secrets defined in the list can be accessed by the application.

Permission priority

The allowedSecrets and deniedSecrets list values take priorty over the defaultAccess.

Scenarios defaultAccess allowedSecrets deniedSecrets permission
1 - Only default access deny/allow empty empty deny/allow
2 - Default deny with allowed list deny [“s1”] empty only “s1” can be accessed
3 - Default allow with deneied list allow empty [“s1”] only “s1” cannot be accessed
4 - Default allow with allowed list allow [“s1”] empty only “s1” can be accessed
5 - Default deny with denied list deny empty [“s1”] deny
6 - Default deny/allow with both lists deny/allow [“s1”] [“s2”] only “s1” can be accessed

Examples

Scenario 1 : Deny access to all secrets for a secret store

In Kubernetes cluster, the native Kubernetes secret store is added to Dapr application by default. In some scenarios it may be necessary to deny access to Dapr secrets for a given application. To add this configuration follow the steps below:

Define the following appconfig.yaml and apply it to the Kubernetes cluster using the command kubectl apply -f appconfig.yaml.

apiVersion: dapr.io/v1alpha1
kind: Configuration
metadata:
  name: appconfig
spec:
  secrets:
    scopes:
      - storeName: kubernetes
        defaultAccess: deny

For applications that need to be deined access to the Kubernetes secret store, follow these instructions, and add the following annotation to the application pod.

dapr.io/config: appconfig

With this defined, the application no longer has access to Kubernetes secret store.

Scenario 2 : Allow access to only certain secrets in a secret store

To allow a Dapr application to have access to only certain secrets, define the following config.yaml:

apiVersion: dapr.io/v1alpha1
kind: Configuration
metadata:
  name: appconfig
spec:
  secrets:
    scopes:
      - storeName: vault
        defaultAccess: deny
        allowedSecrets: ["secret1", "secret2"]

This example defines configuration for secret store named vault. The default access to the secret store is deny, whereas some secrets are accessible by the application based on the allowedSecrets list. Follow these instructions to apply configuration to the sidecar.

Scenario 3: Deny access to certain senstive secrets in a secret store

Define the following config.yaml:

apiVersion: dapr.io/v1alpha1
kind: Configuration
metadata:
  name: appconfig
spec:
  secrets:
    scopes:
      - storeName: vault
        defaultAccess: allow # this is the default value, line can be omitted
        deniedSecrets: ["secret1", "secret2"]

The above configuration explicitly denies access to secret1 and secret2 from the secret store named vault while allowing access to all other secrets. Follow these instructions to apply configuration to the sidecar.

Last modified November 20, 2020: Revert commands for 0.11 (#947) (904c3d3)