How-To: Install Dapr into a Kubernetes cluster

Install Dapr in a Kubernetes cluster

When setting up Kubernetes you can use either the Dapr CLI or Helm.

The following pods will be installed:

  • dapr-operator: Manages component updates and Kubernetes services endpoints for Dapr (state stores, pub/subs, etc.)
  • dapr-sidecar-injector: Injects Dapr into annotated deployment pods
  • dapr-placement: Used for actors only. Creates mapping tables that map actor instances to pods
  • dapr-sentry: Manages mTLS between services and acts as a certificate authority

Setup cluster

You can install Dapr on any Kubernetes cluster. Here are some helpful links:

Install with Dapr CLI

You can install Dapr to a Kubernetes cluster using the Dapr CLI.

Install Dapr

The -k flag will initialize Dapr on the Kuberentes cluster in your current context.

$ dapr init -k

⌛  Making the jump to hyperspace...
ℹ️  Note: To install Dapr using Helm, see here:  https://github.com/dapr/docs/blob/master/getting-started/environment-setup.md#using-helm-advanced

✅  Deploying the Dapr control plane to your cluster...
✅  Success! Dapr has been installed to namespace dapr-system. To verify, run "dapr status -k" in your terminal. To get started, go here: https://aka.ms/dapr-getting-started

Install to a custom namespace:

The default namespace when initializeing Dapr is dapr-system. You can override this with the -n flag.

dapr init -k -n mynamespace

Install in highly available mode:

You can run Dapr with 3 replicas of each control plane pod with the exception of the Placement pod in the dapr-system namespace for production scenarios.

dapr init -k --enable-ha=true

Disable mTLS:

Dapr is initialized by default with mTLS. You can disable it with:

dapr init -k --enable-mtls=false

Uninstall Dapr on Kubernetes

$ dapr uninstall --kubernetes

Install with Helm (advanced)

You can install Dapr to Kubernetes cluster using a Helm 3 chart.

Install Dapr on Kubernetes

  1. Make sure Helm 3 is installed on your machine

  2. Add Helm repo

    helm repo add dapr https://dapr.github.io/helm-charts/
    helm repo update
    
  3. Create dapr-system namespace on your kubernetes cluster

    kubectl create namespace dapr-system
    
  4. Install the Dapr chart on your cluster in the dapr-system namespace.

    helm install dapr dapr/dapr --namespace dapr-system
    

Verify installation

Once the chart installation is complete, verify the dapr-operator, dapr-placement, dapr-sidecar-injector and dapr-sentry pods are running in the dapr-system namespace:

$ kubectl get pods -n dapr-system -w

NAME                                     READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
dapr-dashboard-7bd6cbf5bf-xglsr          1/1       Running   0          40s
dapr-operator-7bd6cbf5bf-xglsr           1/1       Running   0          40s
dapr-placement-7f8f76778f-6vhl2          1/1       Running   0          40s
dapr-sidecar-injector-8555576b6f-29cqm   1/1       Running   0          40s
dapr-sentry-9435776c7f-8f7yd             1/1       Running   0          40s

Uninstall Dapr on Kubernetes

helm uninstall dapr -n dapr-system

Note: See this page for details on Dapr helm charts.

Sidecar annotations

To see all the supported annotations for the Dapr sidecar on Kubernetes, visit this how to guide.